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Month: June 2018

White Spots On Gums Or White Gums: Causes

White Spots On Gums Or White Gums: Causes

A number of patients have white spots on the normally completely pink-looking gums. In other patients, the gums are completely white. These abnormalities of the gums have several mild but also some serious causes. In addition, the gum disease may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as pain or discomfort. Furthermore, there is sometimes one spot or several spots in groups are present on the gums. These vary in size, shape and texture. Patients with gingival discolorations should visit the dentist for a thorough check. The doctor will, if necessary, treat the underlying problem of gum stains or other gingival discoloration after he has made the diagnosis.

Causes of white (looking spots on) gums

Afting
Anemia
Gingivitis
Leukoplakia
Mouth cancer
Oral lichen planus
Thrush
Dental treatment
Diagnosis and research
Prognosis of white gum stains and white gingival discoloration
Prevention of white spots on the gums
Lifestyle
Oral hygiene

Causes of white (looking spots on) gums

Afting

Aftingdevelop on the soft tissues of the mouth and around the gums. The cause is unclear, but some risk factors play a role, such as a bacterial infection, an injury or irritation of the oral tissue, stress and nutritional deficiencies. Before the canker sores appear, the patient may have tingling or a burning sensation in the mouth. Sores are oval or round in shape and have red edges. They usually have a white to pale yellow center. They cause stabbing pain, especially when eating or talking. When the patient has mild mouth ulcers, they are relatively widespread and usually heal within one to two weeks. Larger canes are usually deeper and more painful. The recovery time for these large ulcers is longer, namely up to six weeks. When canker sores last longer than fourteen days, consult a (dental) doctor for professional medical advice. The doctor then writes onemouthwash , ointment, gel and / or analgesic medication. The patient also gets the advice to rinse the mouth with salt water. If the patient suffers from severe ulcers, the doctor will take oral steroids (taken by mouth) . Laser therapy also reduces pain and promotes the healing process.

Anemia

Anemia (anemia) is a condition in which the patient has a shortage of red blood cells. As a result, tissues and organs do not get enough oxygen. The disorder has various causes such as an iron deficiency or a vitamin B deficiency . Also, the Crohn’s disease (disorder with diarrhea and abdominal pain) and other inflammatory diseases may result in anemia. The blood disorder is characterized in, among other things, the following symptoms:

breathlessness
paleness of the skin (pallor: lack of oxygen due to anemia)
dizziness
an irregular heartbeat
extreme fatigue
headache
cold hands and feet
chestpain
weakness

Changes in diet, supplements, and treatment of underlying diseases are possible treatments of anemia.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the medical term for ‘ inflammation of the gums’. The bacterial infection is accompanied by loose teeth, inflamed or red gums and bleeding gums when brushing or flossing the teeth. Usually, the condition results from poor oral hygiene leading to a white-looking gum. Good brushing and floy hygiene is required in combination with a six-monthly dental visit. The dentist is able to treat gingivitis with a few procedures.

Leukoplakia

Leukoplakia is characterized by thick, white patches in the mouth that can not be removed with a toothbrush. The condition with unknown cause arises faster due to smoking or the use of chewing tobacco, the abuse of alcohol and the wearing of badly fitting dentures. The pale-looking spots may appear in combination with red lesions (erythroplakia). They are flat or irregular in shape. They further thicken or harden over time. They cause pain and discomfort when swallowing (swallowing painswallowing problems) in severe cases, although most patients experience pain. Leukoplakia is usually a benign condition, but in some patients the areas in the mouth are a precursor to oral cancer. Often, however, the presence of erythroplakia is a greater risk factor of cancer in the mouth. Stopping the use of tobacco products is recommended. Furthermore, if necessary, the doctor removes the white gingival spots with a scalpel, laser or cryotherapy (treatment via freezing). Antiviral drugs can finally be used for patients with leukoplakia who have a weak immune system.

Mouth cancer

White gums are sometimes indications of oral cancer (oral cavity cancer ). This serious condition may spread quickly ( metastases : metastases) and then affects the gums, the tongue and the palate. The patient then experiences small, flat and thin nodules around or in these areas. These are colored white, red or pink. Some patients, however, have no symptoms in oral cancer so the doctor makes the diagnosis only at a late stage where metastases is happening to other mouth areas and also to the lymph nodes (lymph node metastases). The treatment usually consists of chemotherapy and surgery, although this also depends on the cancer stage.

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Why Being Fat Is Unhealthy

Why Being Fat Is Unhealthy

That overweight is not good for health is not news. Yet the number of fat people is still increasing. And that is not without risk. Diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer. People with obesity are even more likely to die prematurely.

About half of the people in the Netherlands are too fat. Overweight and obesity can lead to all kinds of health complaints and illnesses. Below you can read which. Fortunately, there is also good news. A weight loss of 5 percent can already lead to a decrease in health problems. Always keep that in mind!

Diabetes

One of the most important diseases related to overweight and obesity is diabetes . As a result of the excess weight (especially the abdominal fat) the amount of fat in the blood rises. This makes the body less sensitive to insulin: insulin resistance. The hormone insulin lowers blood sugar levels. However, if the body becomes less sensitive to insulin, more is needed to lower blood sugar levels. When the pancreas can no longer keep up, the blood sugar level rises and diabetes can develop.

More than 80 percent of all cases of type 2 diabetes can be attributed to this. The greater the excess weight and the longer a person is overweight, the greater the risk of diabetes. Diabetes can in turn lead to eye, kidney, nerve, vascular and liver disorders.

Increased cholesterol

Cholesterol is for the most part produced in our bodies, by the liver. In addition, we get the substance through our food. Cholesterol is mainly found in animal fats. Meat, sausage, bacon, butter, cheese, chocolate and all kinds of other fatty foods contain large amounts of cholesterol.

A diet rich in saturated fats and many calories almost always gives rise to cholesterol. Especially LDL cholesterol can rise as a result of being overweight. That risk is even greater if a relatively large amount of fat is stored in the abdominal cavity.

Raised blood pressure

Excess weight increases the chance of an increase in blood pressure, both of the sup- port and of the negative pressure. This is especially true if the fat is stored mainly in the abdominal cavity. The risk increases with the duration of the overweight and is higher among younger people. Often the blood pressure drops again as soon as someone starts losing weight.

Heart and vascular disease

Diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Not immediately, but after a while. Overweight in itself, corrected for these three factors, also gives an increased chance.

The most common cardiovascular diseases are:

myocardial infarction and angina pectoris
cerebral infarction and TIA
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Complaints to musculoskeletal system

Because of the overweight, there are increased forces on your joints and bones. These forces strengthen the bones, reducing the risk of bone loss ( osteoporosis ). On the other hand, the cartilage in the joints is affected. As a result, overweight people are more likely to suffer from knee and hip complaints, low back pain and gout.

Disorders of the musculoskeletal system can make people less mobile. Good muscle building is then important. Weight loss may be necessary for the placement of prostheses.

Cancer

Too high body weight increases the risk of different types of cancer . Fat tissue, for example, affects the hormones in the body. In women during and after the menopause, large amounts of estrogen cause an increased risk of breast cancer. Also in uterine, kidney and esophageal cancer the hormones produced in the adipose tissue seem to pose a risk.

In addition, excess weight is a risk factor for colorectal cancer, especially in men, and there is probably also a link with ovarian, pancreatic and gall bladder cancer. Scientists say that about 5 percent of cancer cases in Europe are due to severe obesity.

Some Other

Shortness of breath, asthma and emphysema are more common in people who are overweight, especially in combination with smoking. The sleep apnea syndrome , short breathing stops during sleep, is also often associated with severe obesity. Just like skin problems such as stretch marks, poor wound healing and softening of the skin. In women, serious overweight, as well as underweight, can lead to menstrual problems and infertility. You can visit Surfer Body Fitness website to know best ways to eliminate body fat.